Definition Of Terms
Bringing a defendant before a judicial officer to allow him or her to hear the charges that were filed and make a plea.
Seizure of alleged or suspected offender to answer for a crime.
A legal dispute brought to a court for resolution
The number assigned to a case upon it filing in court.
An official copy of a particular document from a case file that is notated as a true, complete, and authentic representation of the original document.
In criminal law, the formal statement of each accusation against a defendant.
A ticket issued by an officer for violating a traffic statute.
When the Court issues a civil judgment against your case the outstanding fine can be pursued civilly by the County's Collection Agency. This civil judgment may be collected the same way as any other civil judgment: by attachment of your wages, bank accounts, other property, or by tax intercept of any tax refunds. The civil judgment will remain in effect for 10 years or until paid.
A person appointed by the court that is given the power to hear and make decisions concerning certain legal matters.
Contempt of Court
An act or omission that obstructs the orderly administration of justice or impairs the dignity respect, or authority of the court.
A case in which evidence is introduced by both parties.
A request to postpone a court date.
The determination of guilt based on a plea, jury, verdict, or a finding of a judicial officer.
One of what maybe numerous charges filed, each for alleged violation of a separate offense.
A judge or body of judges whose task is to hear cases and administer justice.
The money needed to pay for the operation of the court system.
A trial in which there is no jury and in which a judicial officer determines both the issues of fact and the law in a case.
An act or failure to act that violates a law for which a penalty (usually a fine, jail or probation) is set by the State.
A formal document, not necessarily made under oath, setting forth the facts that support's party's legal allegations.
A person required to answer a criminal accusation or civil complaint.
A denial, answer, or plea disputing the correctness of the charges against a defendant.
The permanent, cumulative record of all proceedings of a case; a list of cases on a court's calendar.
A valid license to drive the type of motor vehicle or combination of vehicles for which a person is licensed under this code or by a foreign jurisdiction
To clear from blame or to relieve of responsibility.
FTA - Failure to Appear
When you fail to appear as promised on the citation you signed, the Court will file a complaint charging you with Failure to Appear, under section 40508A of the California Vehicle Code, and will also impose a civil assessment under section 1214.1 of the Penal Code. In addition, The Department of Motor Vehicles will be notified to withhold renewal of your driver's license and your driving privilege may be suspended. You may also be Tried in Absentia and a Civil Judgment entered against you.
FTP - Failure to Pay Fine
When you fail to pay a fine imposed by the Court, your case becomes a failure to pay.
A determination of fact by a judicial officer or jury.
Also known as a proof of correction violation, it is a traffic citation issued due to a mechanical malfunction on a vehicle.
A court record available for inspection by the general public.
A "registered owner" is a person registered with the Department of Motor Vehicles as the owner of a vehicle.
A writ issued by a court that requires a person to appear and give testimony at a specified time and place.
The term "traffic" includes pedestrians, ridden animals, vehicles, street cars, and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any highway for purposes of travel.
An act or omission, which relates to the regulation of traffic on the roads, highways or streets or the operation of self-propelled or non-self- propelled vehicles of any kind and for which, upon conviction, imprisonment or fine, or both imprisonment and fine, is authorized.
Traffic Violator School
A "traffic violator school" is a business that, for compensation provides, or offers to provide, instruction in traffic safety, including, but not limited to, classroom.
Tried in Absentia
The Court will hold a trial without you being present.
- Arrest - Commands a peace officer to arrest and bring before the court.
- Bench - A written order issued by the court from the judge or bench commanding a person's arrest for failure to appear in court, for contempt, or after indictment by a grand jury.
- Search - An order issued by a judge, based on a finding of probable cause
A person who has knowledge of facts having to do with a case being tried and who gives testimony.